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Disaster Assistance for Tree Fruit Producers

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Written by: 
Tom Smiarowski and Paul Russell, UMass Risk Management Specialists

Disaster Assistance for Tree Fruit Producers

New England tree fruit producers have a number of options to protect their crops and income from losses caused by natural disasters.

Federal Crop Insurance

Federal Crop Insurance is available in many New England Counties on apples and peaches. Apple and peach insurance is not available in all counties (peach insurance is not available in any county in Maine). Producers should check with their applicable states (below) to determine which counties provide coverage for apples and peaches.

Producers have the option to insure 50-75% of their historical established yield.  The sales closing deadline is November 20th for the succeeding year.   Federal Crop Insurance is sold by private crop insurance agents.  Click on this link to find a Federal Crop Insurance agent (https://www.rma.usda.gov/tools/agent.html). 

Tree fruit producers also have the option of purchasing a revenue based policy. Whole Farm Revenue Protection (WFRP) is a whole-farm revenue protection plan of insurance which protects against low revenue due to unavoidable natural disasters and/or market fluctuations. For more information on  Whole Farm Revenue Protection, click here (https://www.rma.usda.gov/pubs/rme/wfrpfactsheet.pdf). Sales closing deadlines for WFRP vary depending on your tax year and is explained in the WFRP factsheet.

Non-Insured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP)

Growers of tree fruit crops not covered by Federal Crop Insurance can obtain coverage on their noninsured crops through the USDA - Farm Service Agency (FSA)  NAP provides catastrophic coverage at 50% of the potential production based non the individual producer’s historical yield and 55% of the established price. The 2014 Farm Bill provided for "buy-up" coverage under NAP.  Individual crops can now be covered up to 65% of the producer’s historical yield  and up to 100% of the established price for the crop.  For more information and applicable deadlines, visit your local FSA Office (https://www.fsa.usda.gov/state-offices/index).

Tree Assistance Program (TAP)

The purpose of TAP is to provide financial assistance to eligible orchardists to replant or rehabilitate eligible fruit trees lost by natural disasters.  TAP is administered by the USDA - Farm Service Agency (FSA) and interested producers should contact the Office that serves their farming operation.   For more information click here: (https://www.fsa.usda.gov/Assets/USDA-FSA-Public/usdafiles/FactSheets/201...)

For More Information

Additional information on Federal Crop Insurance and the USDA - FSA programs is available by clicking on the following links for your state:

Connecticut:  http://ctfarmrisk.uconn.edu

Maine: https://extension.umaine.edu/agriculture/crop-insurance/

Massachusetts:  https://ag.umass.edu/risk-management

New Hampshire:  https://extension.unh.edu/Risk-Management/Risk-Management-Crop-Insurance

Rhode Island: https://web.uri.edu/pse/steven-alm/

Vermont: https://www.uvm.edu/directory?search=Melanie%20Jake%20Jacobs

 

This document as PDF: rmfornewenglandtreefruitguide.pdf

 

UMass Extension works in partnership with the USDA Risk Management Agency (RMA) to educate Massachusetts producers about Federal Crop Insurance and Risk Management Programs. For more information, please visit www.rma.usda.gov or contact UMass Risk Management Specialists Paul Russell at pmrussell@umext.umass.edu or Tom Smiarowski at tsmiarowski@umext.umass.edu

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